At the time of the Ring of Fire, five European powers had colonies in the New World. By 1632, all of these powers were aware of the growing military power of Grantville and its allies, and of its dependence on oil (and more precisely, gasoline and diesel fuel) to energize its vehicles of war. In the Baltic War of 1634 (NTL), France demonstrated its awareness of the military importance of petroleum by launching the Turenne raid, which destroyed the oil . . .

We're really sorry, but this is only available to up-to-date paid subscribers.

Perhaps you just need to log in.  If you're already logged in, please check if your subscription has expired by looking here.

If you're not already a subscriber you need to know that our columns and editorials are free, along with a few other items, but almost all stories and all downloads are paid only.

If you want to read the entire gazette, you need to either subscribe here, or purchase a download of any single issue at the Baen Books e-book store  or at Amazon.com.

- The Grantville Gazette Staff